Economic Depression and Dictators: Crash Course European History #37

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Shared March 5, 2020

We're still leading up to World War II, but first we gotta talk about the rise of the dictators. Today we talk about the rise of militaristic dictatorships in Germany, the Soviet Union, Japan, and Spain, and the economic depression that set the stage for their rise.

-Hunt, Lynn et al. Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. 6th ed. Boston: Bedford St. Martins, 2019.
-Kershaw, Ian. Hitler, A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.
-Kotkin, Stephen. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941. New York: Penguin, 2017.
-Slezkine, Yuri. The House of Government: A Saga of the Russian Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.
-Smith, Bonnie G. Europe in the Contemporary World, 1900 to the Present. 2nd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2020.

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Forrest Gabriel Cruz

15:14 "When we look back on history, it's easy to forget that dictators had enthusiastic supporters"

This hit home way too close... (Philippines)

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 633

Ellen Midgley

"Even taxes aren't a sure thing, just ask amazon."

Sick burn.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 132

The Daily Bellringer

It's interesting how the Great Depression is sometimes viewed by Americans as strictly an American event. The global impact is amazing.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 490

Michael Brown

"History isn't just something that happens it's something that each of us helps to make, a responsibility we all need to take seriously,"-John Green 15:56-16:07

Thank you John.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 311

Akshay Gowrishankar

"Even taxes aren't a sure thing, just ask Amazon"

That's the keystone of my bridge of happiness :)

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 440

Katherine Pagan

Can anyone else feel John's increasing desperation as he describes the rise of fascism? He's practically begging the audience to please, for the love of God, connect the dots.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 658

Brandon Stoppel

The leaders of Europe believed that Hitler was "a useful idiot" that could be easily controlled and placated.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 361

Andrew Gutmann

John: “Nothing is a sure thing! ...Except death.”

CGP Grey has entered the chat

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 273

Sander Sides

He just seems so depressed now. My social studies teacher used to assign his older videos for us to watch and take notes. He used to be so fun and jittery, but now he seems so depressed. I literally just went to this video because i missed John Green. I literally said, "i don't care what video i watch, i just wanna see John Green."

2 weeks ago (edited) | [YT] | 21

Adrian Duran

Time for the fun part of history. Remember, this all happened within 100 years, which is within a human lifetime, and is a blink of an eye in the grand historical scale.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 181


Some constructive criticism for the CrashCourse writing team: Our history teachers taught us that "Kristallnacht" (literally translates to crystal night) is a cynical euphemism invented by the Nazis to glorify the destruction they caused that night. It's better to call it "Pogromnacht", since the word "Pogrom" describes an organised massacre of helpless people, which accurately described what happened.
Much love from Germany

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 157

Mohamed Ali

This episode's vibe is really scary and depressing 🤔

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 114



3 weeks ago | [YT] | 22

Ryan Wheeler

Bezos made 23 YouTube accounts to give this video a thumbs down.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 72


Wow, that ending was very well written. We should take our role in creating history seriously.

2 weeks ago | [YT] | 8


Short note from a German: In Germany the word Kristallnacht or Reichskristallnacht actually has propaganda implications now. The more neutral term is considered Progromnacht or Reichsprogromnacht.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 103

Peyton Mauk

A friend of mines grandmother grew up in fascist germany, and she used to talk about how her father was jobless until he joined the ss officers. She also has a medal signed by Adolf Hitler givin to her for having 10 aryan children.

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 165

Niels Hoyle-Dodson

Love this. One thing I always wish people would mention when talking WWII is the history of British Imperialism that preceded it. It's all well and good to quote Churchill as he was an important figure, but we never talk enough about the atrocities he sanctioned against those under British Imperial rule in India and Africa among other places. Capitalism has had far reaching negative effects and it is often left out of conversations about what "lessons" we should be taking home from videos like these. We can learn from WWII but it would be a mistake to think we have ever learn our lessons. We are always making history.

4 days ago (edited) | [YT] | 7

jonathan Stafford

Can we get one on just the Spanish civil war because it’s really the test grounds for ww2 and it sheds some crazy light on to what was to come

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 13

Bram Sebio-Brundage

As a grad student in military and European history, there’s no way I could cover as much as you did in such a condensed video. John Green, you are an inspiration. 📚 ✏️

3 weeks ago | [YT] | 54